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本文摘要:Unit2Topic1 Pollution has caused too many problems.重点短语:1. see sb. doing sth.瞥见某人正在做某事see sb. do sth.瞥见某人做过某事或经常做某事2. there is/are sb./sth. doing sth.有某人/物正在做某事3. pour …into…把……倒入……4. what’s worse更糟糕的是5. make noise制造噪音6. be in a bad mood心情

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Unit2Topic1 Pollution has caused too many problems.重点短语:1. see sb. doing sth.瞥见某人正在做某事see sb. do sth.瞥见某人做过某事或经常做某事2. there is/are sb./sth. doing sth.有某人/物正在做某事3. pour …into…把……倒入……4. what’s worse更糟糕的是5. make noise制造噪音6. be in a bad mood心情差7. can’t bear doing sth.不能忍受做某事8. breathing problems呼吸问题9. throw …around/about随处乱扔……10. in today’s world在当今世界11. be harmful to=do harm to对……有害12. go deaf变聋13. lose one’s hearing丧失听力14. hearing loss听力丧失15. quite a few=many许多quite a little= much许多16. it was reported that…据报道17. no better than不比……好,和……一样差18. cause sb./sth.to do sth.导致某人/某物做某事19. as well也20. cut down砍伐,降低,淘汰词形转换:1.breathe v.呼吸breath n.一次吸入的空气2.produce v.生产,制造production n.生产,制造,产物3.pollute v.污染pollution n.污染4.harm v./n.危害harmful adj.有害的5.comfort v./n.慰藉,抚慰comfortable adj.舒适的uncomfortable adj.使人不舒服的6.please v.使……兴奋pleased adj.兴奋的,喜欢的pleasant adj.令人愉快的,舒适的unpleasant adj.令人不快的,不舒服的pleasure n.快乐,兴趣,乐事7.include v.包罗including prep.包罗……在内的8.chemistry n.化学,化学历程chemical n.[C]化学品adj.化学的重点句型:1.What a mess!真是糟糕透了!2.What happened here?这儿发生了什么?3.The flowers and grass have gone!花和草已经不见了!4.What a shame!何等遗憾呀!5.There are several chemical factories pouring waste water into the stream.有几个化工厂正向河里排放废水。6.Everything has changed.一切已经变了。7.--How long have you been like this?--I have been like this since last week.--你像这样多久了?--自从上周已经这样。

8.Have you seen a doctor?你看医生了吗?9.Noise is also a kind of pollution and is harmful to human’s health.噪音也是一种污染而且对人类康健有害。10. Quite a few people living near airports also have hearing loss.许多居住在机场四周的人也有听力损失。(living near airports现在分词做people后置定语)Topic2 All these problems are very serious.重点短语:1.as a result效果2.change into酿成,转换成3.stop/prevent sb./sth. (from) doing sth.keep sb./sth. from doing sth.阻止某人/某物做某事4.be in danger of…处于……的危险中5.die out灭绝6.plenty of大量的7.come to understand开始明白8.worst of all最糟糕的是9.make rules制定规则10.break the rules违反规则11.obey/follow the rules遵守规则12.in the beginning= at first期初,在一开始13.take away带走,拿走,使消失14.escape…from…从……中逃脱15.cause sb./sth.to do sth.导致某人/某物做某事16.refer to提到,涉及,有关17.here and there在各处,随处18.the greenhouse effect温室效应18.be covered with被……笼罩19.be short of短缺20.the shortage of………的短缺21.avoid doing sth.制止做某事词形转换:1.complete v.完成,竣事adj.完整的completely adv.彻底地,完整地2.use v.使用n.用途useful adj.有用的user n.使用者reuse v.再次使用,重新使用3.behavior n.[U]行为,举止behave v.行为,举止4.discover v.发现,找到discovery n.[U]发现; [C]被发现的事物5.sand n.沙子sandy adj.沙的重点句型:1.What bad weather!何等糟糕天气!2.None of us likes pollution.没有一小我私家喜欢污染。3.Don’t spit anywhere in public.不要在公共场所随地吐痰。

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4.Everyone should care for wild animals and plant more trees.每小我私家都应该掩护野生动物植更多的树。5.We should do everything we can to protect the environment.我们应该做我们应该做的一切事情来掩护情况。6.As a result, a lot of rich land has changed into desert.效果,许多肥沃陆地已经酿成沙漠。

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7.Tress can stop the wind from blowing the earth away.树可以防风固土。8.We shouldn’t leave rubbish everywhere.我们不应该随处丢垃圾。

9.All these problems are very serious, so we must do something now.所有问题都很是严重,因此我们现在必须要做一些事情。10.What’s it about?它是关于什么的?Topic3 What can we do at home to protect the environment.重点短语:1.environmental protection情况掩护2.work for为……而事情3.both sides of paper纸的两面4.plastic bags塑料袋5.encourage sb. to do sth.勉励某人做某事6.ought to do sth.应该做某事7.shut off关闭8.instead of + n./pron./v-ing取代,而不是9.after all究竟,归根结底10.renewable energy可再生能源11.in people’s everyday/daily lives在人们的日常生活中12.require sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事be required to do sth.被要求做某事13.in the near future在不久的未来14.reach a top speed of…到达最高时速……15.run out用完,耗尽16.remove…from…把……从……除去17.hurry up赶忙,快点18.give up放弃19.though/although/even though even if虽然,只管.引导让步状语从句,不能和but连用,但可与yet,still连用。词形转换:1.protect v.掩护protection n.掩护,防卫2.agree v.同意agreement n.同意,一致,协议disagreement n.分歧,争论3.electric adj.用电的,电动的n.带电体,电动车辆electricity n.电,电能4.cloth n.织物,布料clothes n.衣服5.German n.德国人,德语adj.德国的,德国人的,德语的Germany n.德国6.dry adj.干燥的,雨少的,干性的v.使……干,弄干,擦干drier n.烘干机,吹风机drily adv.干燥地7.plant v.种植planter n.种植园主8.marry v.嫁,娶,完婚married adj.已婚的,有配偶的9.weigh v.称……重量weight n.重量,分量10.history n.历史historical adj.历史的11.different adj.差别的difference n.[C]差异,差异【重点句型】1.Recycling can protect the environment, and it can save money, too.接纳可以掩护情况而且可以节约钱。2.Some things we have done are good for the earth while some are bad.我们所做的一些事情对地球有益然而一些有害。

3.--Would you like to be a greener person?--Of course, I’d love to.--你愿意成为一个环保使者吗?--固然,我很乐意。4.we should use both sides of paper and reuse plastic bags.我们应该使用纸的两面而且重新使用塑料袋。5.You ought to shut off the electricity when you leave a room.当你脱离房间的时候,你应该关掉电。6.You’d better walk or ride a bike instead of taking a bus or a taxi if you travel a short distance.如果短距离旅行,你最好步行或骑自行车而不是乘公共汽车或出租车。

7.Easier said than done.说起来容易,做起来难。8.Actions speak louder than words.事实胜于雄辩。


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